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Civil Rights Implications of the Allocation of Funds between Bus and Rail
Civil Rights Implications of the Allocation of Funds between Bus and Rail
Report Number: LRD-27
This publication examines complaints filed under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with the Federal Transit Administration.  The report also explores the number of Title VI challenges, the nature of transit agencies' responses to these challenges, U.S. Supreme Court decisions associated with Section 602 disparateimpact violations, intentional discrimination claims, immunity, and more.
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Contractual Means of Achieving High-Level Performance in Transit Contracts
Report Number: LRD-43
This digest explores the use by transit agencies of performance-based provisions in their contracts and identifies legal and other restrictions on an agency’s use of incentives or liquidated damages in its contracts.
Determining Training for New Technologies: A Decision Game and Facilitation Guide
Determining Training for New Technologies: A Decision Game and Facilitation Guide
Report Number: R-096
The goal of this project was to help managers identify the necessary training for new technologies.  This report will be of interest to managers responsible for implementing new technologies. It will also be useful to other members of new technology procurement teams, representing operations, maintenance, human resources, legal, finance, and training departments. Cognitive task analysis was used to design a simulation game that would allow managers to rapidly acquire the decision skills needed for identifying the necessary training for new technologies.
Drug & Alcohol Testing: A Survey of Labor-Management Relations
Drug & Alcohol Testing: A Survey of Labor-Management Relations
Report Number: LRD-16
This report examines the relationship between the laws that prescribe bargaining requirements for employees such as the Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act of 1991, the National Labor Relations Act, and the Railroad Labor Act as well as the impact that intersections have had on existing collective bargaining agreements.
Federal and State Licensing and Other Safety Requirements for Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators
Federal and State Licensing and Other Safety Requirements for Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators
Report Number: LRD-18
This report presents a compilation of state CDL/CMV regulations, an overview summary of the federal motor carrier safety regulations, and information on the availability of state CMV and regular driver's manuals, among other information.
First Amendment Implications for Transit Facilities:  Speech, Advertising, and Loitering
First Amendment Implications for Transit Facilities: Speech, Advertising, and Loitering
Report Number: LRD-29
Transit agencies face numerous challenges in providing passengers with a safe and efficient means of travel while respecting the freedom of expression protected by the First Amendment. In May 1998, the Transportation Research Board published Transit Cooperative Research Program Legal Research Digest (LRD) 10, Restrictions on Speech and Expressive Activities in Transit Terminals and Facilities ("LRD 10"), a survey of the relevant law and its development up to the time of publication. This digest supplements LRD No. 10, summarizing and analyzing the status of this important area of the law in light of court decisions and other developments that have arisen in subsequent years.
Guide to Federal Buy America Requirements
Guide to Federal Buy America Requirements
Report Number: LRD-17
The purpose of this report is to provide an easy-to-use guide that provides all the Buy America requirements with an emphasis on the specific requirements that apply both to manufactured products and to rolling stock.  This report should be useful to attorneys, administrators, contracting officers, engineers, and all officials that have purchasing responsibilities.
Guide to Federal Buy America Requirements -- 2009 Supplement
Guide to Federal Buy America Requirements -- 2009 Supplement
Report Number: LRD-31
This report explores the Buy America requirements, with an emphasis on the specific requirements that apply to manufactured products and to rolling stock.
Identifying and Reducing Fraudulent Third Party Tort Claims Against Public Transit Agencies
Identifying and Reducing Fraudulent Third Party Tort Claims Against Public Transit Agencies
Report Number: S-036
This synthesis describes the practices in place at public transit agencies to prevent and respond to third party fraudulent claims, including a review of salient aspects of the public transit claims process in the context of managing current and partial tort liability. It examines the level of claims, presents a structured methodology for approaching the fraudulent claims issue, and describes practices that have been implemented to reduce claims abuse. The emphasis is on strategies that organizations have adopted to counter insurance fraud. This synthesis will be of interest to transit agency general managers, supervisors, and staff dealing with legal services and risk management issues, as well as to consultants that work with them.
Impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act on Transit Operations
Impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act on Transit Operations
Report Number: LRD-19
This digest provides the nation's transit agencies with access to authoritative research, specfic, limited-scope studies of legal issues and problems having significance and applications to their business.  It  reports on a review of applicable statutes, a survey of state and local transit providers, and an analysis of developments pertaining to employment infrastructure and service requirements.  This digest should be helpful to administrators, attorneys, financial officials, human resourcess personnel, and planners in public transportation.
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