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Transit Oriented Development:  Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes
Transit Oriented Development: Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes
Report Number: R-095 Chapter 17
Transit oriented development (TOD) generally refers to higher-density development, with pedestrian priority, located within easy walking distance of a major public transit station or stop(s). TODs are viewed as offering the potential to boost transit ridership, increase walking activity, mitigate sprawl, accommodate growth, and create interesting places. This chapter focuses on the TOD land use strategy and its transportation impacts. It is complementary with Chapter 15, "Land Use and Site Design," and does not seek to duplicate general information on the impacts of density, diversity, and site design presented there. Similarly, it is not intended to cover the same ground as Chapter 16, "Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities." Chapters 15 and 16 should be referred to for additional background on density, land use mix, site layout, and pedestrian-friendly design effects on travel demand. This chapter highlights the key reasons planners pursue TOD; outlines what constitutes TOD and the various dimensions along which response to it may vary; identifies approaches that are used to evaluate the impacts of transit oriented development and discussing their potential limitations; provides an encapsulization of travel behavior findings detailed in the remainder of the chapter. This chapter will be of interest to transit, transportation, and land use planning practitioners; educators and researchers; and professionals across a broad spectrum of transportation and planning agencies, MPOs, and local, state, and federal government agencies.

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