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A Guide for Planning and Operating Flexible Public Transportation Services
Report Number: R-140
This report explores the types of flexible transportation service strategies that are potentially appropriate for small, medium, and large urban and rural transit agencies. It also examines financial and political realities, operational issues, and institutional mechanisms related to implementing and sustaining flexible transportation services.
A Handbook for Acquiring Demand-Responsive Transit Software
A Handbook for Acquiring Demand-Responsive Transit Software
Report Number: R-018
This report is one of three written products developed under the project. It is intended to advise providers of demand-responsive transit (DRT) services, computer software and other technology appropriate for DRT applications and assist software vendors in understanding the market for DRT software and technologies. Specifically, this Handbook is intended to assist providers in the selection, acquisition, and implementation of software for DRT operations and administration. It contains a good deal of introductory material on DRT service intended to provide a background for describing the acquisition process.
Print copy not available
ADA Paratransit Eligibility Certification Practices
ADA Paratransit Eligibility Certification Practices
Report Number: S-030
This report describes the complexities involved in creating an accurate eligibility determination process that complies with ADA requirements and is regionally and politically feasible to implement. This study documents the range of out-comes produced by the different eligibility certification models and offers information about their overall effectiveness. This report also focuses on the range of eligibility certification models that have been adopted nationwide. It presents information in order to generate new approaches for transit agencies attempting to enhance existing procedures. This synthesis will be of interest to transit agency general managers, the appropriate special services staffs, and any others dealings with ADA paratransit eligibility certification on behalf of transit agencies.
Print copy not available
Analyzing the Costs of Operating Small Transit Vehicles
Analyzing the Costs of Operating Small Transit Vehicles
Report Number: R-061
This User's Guide explains the accompanying Small Transit Vehicle economics (STVe) model -- a tool designed for transit planners and others making decisions about the purchase of small transit vehicles for different services and operating environments. The User's Guide describes how to run the model and interpret its results.
Print copy not available
Assessment of the Economic Impacts of Rural Public Transportation
Assessment of the Economic Impacts of Rural Public Transportation
Report Number: R-034
Almost 1,200 public transportation systems now exist in rural communities across the United States and receive Federal funding. Many of these systems have been in operation since the 1970s and 1980s, but their economic impacts have seldom been quantified. This report examines the economic impacts of selected rural public transportation services at the local level through case studies, and it estimates the national economic impact of rural public transportation on an average annual per county basis. This report will be of interest to state and local transportation planners, analysts, and decision-makers to assist them in matters pertaining to the introduction and expansion of public transportation services in rural areas.
Print copy not available
Attracting Paratransit Patrons to Fixed-Route Services
Attracting Paratransit Patrons to Fixed-Route Services
Report Number: R-024
This Guidebook will be of interest to transit managers and planners in transit systems that provide complementary paratransit services under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Paratransit services are more expensive to provide on a per-trip basis than fixed-route transit, so operating efficiencies could be achieved by attracting some paratransit riders to fixed route.
Print copy not available
Automatic Data Collection on Transit Users Via Radio Frequency Identification
Automatic Data Collection on Transit Users Via Radio Frequency Identification
Report Number: IDEA-10
A prototype radio frequency identification (RF/ID) tag system was designed and tested. Hardware and software were designed for an RF/ID tag system for automatic data collection on transit user movements. Work on Stage 1 involved assessing the RF/ID design for applicability to transit systems. Transit operator configuration requirements were evaluated, software and database requirements were reviewed, a preliminary system design configuration was established, and a representative bus route was selected. In Stage 2, system hardware and software specifications were developed, and a prototype RF/ID system for collecting, storing, and translating transit data was designed and built. The University of Virginia Transportation Services (UTS), which serves the student and staff population at UVA, participated in the project. In Stage 3, trial testing of RF/ID system using the Hereford College Dormitory-Hospital Complex route in the UTS system was performed and system performance and operational viability were ascertained. Potential coupling of RF/ID data collection with AVL systems was examined.
Print copy not available
AVL Systems for Bus Transit:  Update
AVL Systems for Bus Transit: Update
Report Number: S-073
This publication explores the uses of computer-aided dispatch/automatic vehicle location (CAD/AVL) systems in fixed-route and demand-responsive services (bus AVL), as well as changes in agency practices related to the use of AVL systems.
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CD-ROM ParaSPEC Software
Report Number: ParSPC-1
CD-ROM ParaSPEC Software
Characteristics of Urban Travel Demand
Characteristics of Urban Travel Demand
Report Number: R-073
This report presents a comprehensive set of data on urban travel demand and constitutes an update of previous editions of the Characteristics of Urban Travel Demand (CUTD), published in 1978 and then in 1988.  This is a companion report to two other volumes: Characteristics of Urban Transportation Systems (CUTD) last updated in 1992, and Traveler Response to Transportation Systems Changes, updated in 2000.  These three references taken together are intended to provide a ready resource for information about urban transportation system characteristics.
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